7 Emirates

The United Arab Emirates is comprised of seven emirates, which occupy the southeastern corner of the Arabian Peninsula. Each emirate, unique and rich in tradition, is an essential component necessary for making up the whole.

Abu Dhabi

Abu Dhabi is the largest of the seven emirates, with an area of around 67,340 square kilometres, roughly equal to 86 percent of the country’s area exclusive of islands. The city of Abu Dhabi is the capital, with a population of around 1.4 million according to December 2005 census. The emirate of Abu Dhabi consists of three main areas: the city of Abu Dhabi, the eastern area and the western area. 

 
The city of Abu Dhabi is the capital and the headquarters for the President, the Prime Minister, most of the ministries and federal organizations, foreign embassies, Zayed Port and Abu Dhabi International Airport, in addition to most oil companies, establishments, facilities and trade markets. Abu Dhabi Corniche including its parks and fountains is considered a major attraction in the city. 
 
Abu Dhabi’s climate is subtropical and arid, with temperatures that vary from warm in the winter months to hot in summer.  Sunny blue skies prevail throughout the year and rainfall is infrequent. See more about mountains, oases, lakes, islands and lagoons of Abu Dhabi. 
 
The Eastern Area with its capital, Al Ain, is a fertile area abundant in farms and gardens, as well as natural water resources flowing through underground channels and springs. The city of Zayed is the capital of the western region. 
 

Dubai

The Emirate of Dubai is located along the coast of the Arab Gulf and has an area of around 3885 square kilometres, roughly equal to 5% of the country’s area exclusive of islands and has a population of around 1.4 million. Dubai has witnessed rapid economic developments during few past years, but it still attached to its heritage. See more on old Dubai.
 
The city of Dubai is the capital of the Emirate, pided into two parts by Dubai Creek . Bur Dubai on the the southern coast is the centre of administration and includes His Highness the Ruler’s Court, many corporate headquarters, banks, customs and Rashid Port. The northern coast is called Deira, and is the centre of the commercial and tourist activities including shopping malls, markets, schools, hotels, clubs and Dubai International Airport
 
Jebel Ali area is one of the most commercial and industrial areas inside the country, as it includes the largest free zone in the Gulf. There are many tourist attractions inside the Emirate such as Hatta, Al Awair and Al Khawaneej areas. See more on present day Dubai.
 
In Dubai there are a number of quality hotels that cater to the needs of visitors whether they are tourists or businessmen. These hotels provide international cuisine, as well as world-class facilities for conventions and conferences. Throughout the city, there are hundreds of restaurants that suite all tastes and budgets.
 
In addition to the traditional souks, the city has modern shopping malls providing international brands at reasonable prices. Dubai Shopping Festival held annually has become an international event attracting people from around the world who come to avail of competitive prices and draws, watching displays and shows and promotions.
 

Sharjah

The Emirate of Sharjah is located along the coast of the Arab Gulf for about 16 kilometres and extends inland to more than 80 kilometres. 
 
Within the emirate, along the eastern coast of the Gulf of Oman, there are three areas: Kalba, Khorfakan and Daba Al Hisn. The emirate’s area is 2590 square kilometres, equal to 3.3 percent of the country’s area exclusive of islands, with a population of 793,573 as per the December 2005 census. The city of Sharjah is the emirate’s capital and includes the Ruler’s Court and all government departments, companies, banks and hotels. 
 
Its buildings are marked with an Islamic style of architecture. It includes many entertainment and cultural areas such as Qanat Al Qasba, Al Jazeerah amusement park and Al Buhairah Corniche. The city has great number of minarets as well as Sharjah International Airport and Khalid Port. 
 
Educational and cultural monuments in Sharjah give the true image of a modern city holding on to its living traditions. Many natural and historic museums showcase an era that enriched modern Sharjah and turned it into a cultural hub. In 1998, UNESCO nominated Sharjah as ‘Cultural Capital of Arab World’ because of the great effort made by HH Sheikh Sultan bin Mohammed Al Qasimi, Ruler of Sharjah. 
 

Ajman

The emirate of Ajman is located along the Arab Gulf coast between the emirates of Sharjah and Umm Al Quwain. It has an area of around 259 square kilometres which is equal to 3% of the country’s area exclusive of islands.
 
It has a population of around 206,997 as per December 2005 census figures. The city of Ajman, the capital of the emirate, is also the residence of the ruler, HH Sheikh Humaid bin Rashid Al Nu’aimi.
 
The city includes all government departments, corporate headquarters, banks and malls as well as Ajman Port. Although Ajman has become a modern city where all modern services and facilities are provided, it has maintained its traditional character giving the Emirate a specialty one as it combines the achievements of the modern era and the traditional characters of the past.
 
Ajman has magnificent beaches offering retreats with fresh air and pollution-free recreations, where various marine activities are provided to tdhose who would like to enjoy these activities.
 

Umm Al Quwain

The Emirate of Umm Al Quwain stretches for 24 kilometres of the Arab Gulf coast between the Emirate of Sharjah westwards and the Emirate of Ras Al Khaimah eastwards.

It extends inland for around 32 km. The area of the Emirate is around 777 km square, equal to 1% of the country’s area exclusive of islands. The population of the Emirate was 49,159 as per December 2005 census figures.

The city of Umm Al Quwain is the capital of the Emirate. The city includes the place of residence of the Ruler, all government departments, companies, banks, shopping malls as well as the seaport, in addition to research and marine life centres.

Falj Al Mualla is located 50 km to the south east of the City of Umm Al Quwain, with a name derived of the Falj (water) flowing out of the ground or mountains. The water of this spring flows to the side of the valley, which makes the area fertile with fresh water which in turn encourages agricultural activities in this area.

Al Jazeerah Al Syniyah is located one kilometer away from the City of Umm Al Quwain with an area of 90 km square; this island is a reservation of gazelles, and marine birds, and it is abundant in mangrove trees.

Ras Al Khaimah

The Emirate of Ras Al Khaimah is located along the coast of the Arab

Gulf for about 64 kilometres. It extends inland over 128 km, and has common mountainous borders with the Sultanate of Oman from South and North.

The Emirate has a number of islands in the Gulf, most importantly the Greater Tunb and the Lesser Tunb. The Emirate has an area of 1684 square km, equal to 2.2% of the country’s area exclusive of islands with a population of around 250,000 as per December 2005 census.

The city of Ras Al Khaimah is the capital of the Emirate, pided into two parts by Ras Al Khaimah Creek; the western part is known as the old Ras Al Khaimah and includes Ras Al Khaimah National Museum and many government departments; the eastern part is known as Al Nakheel and includes His Highness the Ruler’s Court and many government department and corporate headquarters.

Both parts are connected by a huge bridge along the Creek to facilitate the movement between the two parts. The emirate has major areas such Khor Kwair Industrial Area, around 25 km northward; this area is famous for its main industries such as cement, stones and marble. It also includes the main export port which is Saqr Port.

The official website of RAK Government contains more information on Ras Al Khaimah‏ Emirate.

Fujairah

The Emirate of Fujairah is the only emirate that is located along the Gulf

of Oman, with beaches extending to 90 km. The area of the Emirate is around 1165 square km, equal to 1.5% of the country’s area exclusive of islands.

The population of Fujairah is around 125,698 as per December 2005 census figures. The city of Fujairah is the capital of the Emirate; it includes His Highness the Ruler’s Court, government departments, organizations as well as companies.

The Fujairah Port has helped in the enhancement of trade activities and marine shipping, as well as Fujairah International Airport.

Fujairah has great tourist features as it has beaches alongside the seashore and high mountains adjacent to the seacoast, valleys and fascinating areas. Daba Al Fujairah is considered an important area within the Emirate, as it includes agricultural projects and livestock; fishing is also one of its popular activities.

Fujairah Village of Heritage next to Ain Madhab Park illustrates the traditional aspects of the life of past with all details such as traditional houses, utensils and tools used by our grandfathers, as well as irrigation methods moved by the bull and used in farms. Fujairah museum includes archeological collections that are 4500 old, discovered in the Emirate of Fujairah.

Known also as Osman Mosque, Al Bidya mosque is one of the most ancient mosques in the United Arab Emirates. It has a distinct architecture with four small domes over the roof of the mosque.

The official website of Fujairah Government contains more information on FujairahEmirate.

 

Reference:

 

– The Official Portal Of The United Arab Emirates: http://www.government.ae